• Fahimeh Jasbi

Student thesis: Phd


There has been a growing demand for wireless communication services in the past few years. Recent reports reveal that the demand will not only increase in the number of subscribers but also in more diverse applications such as Machine-to- Machine (M2M) communications and the Internet of Things. With such demand for capacity increase, there is a necessity to shift from today's Static Frequency Allocation (SFA) to Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA). The change will make efficient use of spectrum by utilizing the unused parts in different times, frequencies and spaces. With this regard, cognitive radio (CR) is a powerful potential candidate for the spectrum scarcity problem.This work addresses the two main current discussions in Cognitive Radio Networks (CRN), spectral efficiency and interference mitigation problem. There are two main spectrum sharing techniques in CRN, overlay and underlay, which have been thoroughly investigated in the literature. Unlike the relative works which separate the use of overlay and underlay, this works considers the joint overlay and underlay as a hybrid system to enhance the spectral efficiency and Bit Error Rate (BER) performance in CRNs. MC-CDMA is proposed for underlay transmission for two main advantages. Firstly, for low power spectral density due to spreading. Secondly, for its capability to mitigate high interference.Two hybrid MC-CDMA schemes are proposed in this work. The first scheme spreads the underlay signal through the whole bandwidth to mitigate PU interference and benefit from the frequency diversity. To maximize data rate, overlay utilizes the available bands while keeping orthogonality with underlay using Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor (OVSF) codes.To further increase capacity, an overload MC-CDMA system is proposed. In this scheme, overlay utilizes the full signal dimension, while underlay overloads the system. Two layered spreading is applied to differentiate overlay and under- lay users. In order to detect the underlay signal, the overlay signal is detected first and is cancelled from the received signal. The underlay data is then detected from this modified signal. The framework is then extended to a multi-user underlay scenario. A code allocation algorithm is proposed in order to achieve low cross-correlation between the overlay and underlay users. The results show that the proposed overload system maintains good performance even in high PU interference level. Furthermore, the proposed hybrid capacities are optimized and compared with the two available hybrid systems in the literature. The proposed overload system showed to increase capacity significantly, both in AWGN and fading environment, in compared with the existing methods.
Date of Award31 Dec 2014
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorKa Chun So (Supervisor)


  • Cognitive Radio

Cite this