Modelling and reasoning about dynamic networks as concurrent systems

  • Yanti Rusmawati

Student thesis: Phd


Highly dynamic and complex computing systems are increasingly needed and are relied upon in daily life. One such system is the dynamic network, particularly in communication, in which it has widespread applications, such as: Internet, peer-to-peer networks, mobile networks and wireless networks. Dynamic networks consist of nodes and edges whose operating status may change over time; the edges may be unreliable and operate intermittently. Message-passing in such networks is inherently difficult and reasoning about the behaviour of message-passing algorithms is also difficult and hard to analyse. Their behaviour and correctness are hard to formulate and establish.To undertake formal reasoning about such systems, abstract models are essential in order to separate the general reasoning about message routing and the updating of routing tables from the details of how these are implemented in particular networks.This thesis proposes a new approach to modelling and reasoning about dynamic networks as follows. It develops a series of abstract models which makes it possible to focus on the correctness of routing methods. It models the dynamic network as a "demonic" process which runs concurrently with routing updates and message-passing, to express dynamic networks as concurrent systems. This allows the use of temporal logic and fairness constraints to reason about dynamic networks. To do so, it introduces a modal logic and formulates concepts of fairness which capture network properties. The correctness of dynamic networks means that under certain conditions, all messages will eventually be delivered. Formulating networks as concurrent systems means can establish the correctness for networks that never cease to change. Modelling at that one level of abstraction means being able to prove the properties of networks independently of the mechanisms in actual networks. Therefore, it provides "a factorisation" of proofs of correctness for actual dynamic networks. The models are implemented as multi-threaded programs, and then adopted an experimental runtime verification tool called RULER to test whether model instances satisfy the modal correctness for message delivery.
Date of Award31 Dec 2014
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester


  • temporal logic
  • dynamic networks
  • concurrent systems

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