On Numerical Investigations of Flow-Induced Vibration and Heat Transfer for Flow Around Cylinders

  • Amr Elbanhawy

Student thesis: Phd


Vortex shedding is an important mechanism, by which the flow around bluff bodies create forces that excite vibratory motion. Vortex-induced vibration (VIV) is studied for a single circular cylinder by means of Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations. An arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) formulation is used to achieve the grid deformation needed for VIV. In this thesis, a multifaceted approach is undertaken by which response dynamics and wake interaction are addressed. Four major aspects are considered in the study: the Reynolds number (Re); the mass and damping; the degree-of-freedom for VIV; and the mutual effect between VIV and heat transfer.As attention is paid towards high pre-critical Re flow, the turbulent flow around the cylinder is treated by two turbulence modelling approaches: unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (uRANS), and Large Eddy Simulation (LES). The wake-VIV interaction is analyzed by looking at mean velocities and Reynolds stresses, where decomposition of flow scales is undertaken to explore the evolution of coherent eddy structures, downstream of the cylinder. Conversely, the VIV response is analyzed by considering oscillation amplitude and frequency, in addition to the excitation and inertial dynamics.High turbulence in the separated shear layers disorders the cylinder's VIV response and induces higher amplitudes. The sensitivity for Re is found more pronounced in cylinders with low mass and damping. Meanwhile, VIV is found to enhance wake mixing, and to significantly change the near wake Reynolds stresses. It is suggested that the increase in Re brings a change to the wake patterns, which are known in VIV at lower Re. The kinetic energy production, of near wake eddy structures, is qualitatively altered with the presence of VIV. Furthermore, the surface heat flux is found to cause a noticeable increase in VIV amplitude, as long as it does not disorder the wake correlation. The cylinder's oscillation increases the average value of the Nusselt number (Nu), while the local variance of Nu rises markedly post-separation.
Date of Award1 Aug 2011
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorAli Turan (Supervisor)


  • CFD
  • ALE
  • Heat Transfer
  • Wake-VIV Interaction
  • Cylinder Cross-Flow
  • Turbulence Modelling
  • uRANS
  • Vortex-Induced Vibration
  • Flow-Induced Vibration
  • LES

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