The work presented in this thesis was submitted to The University of Manchester for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in April 2015 by Daniel Espinobarro Velazquez and is entitled "Photoluminescent properties of novel colloidal quantum dots".In this thesis type II colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) with zinc blende crystal structure were investigated. The optical properties were characterized by steady state absorption and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy for all the samples, and the PL quantum yield was measured for selected samples by using both absolute and relative methods. Exciton dynamics and interactions were investigated by time-resolved PL (TRPL).The exciton-exciton interaction energy for CdSe, CdSe/CdTe and CdSe/CdTe/CdS CQDs was investigated using TRPL spectroscopy, an established method. The TRPL results were compared with previous results from ultrafast transient absorption (TA) measurements and theoretical predictions. The discrepancies between the TRPL and TA results and the theoretical calculations suggest that TRPL data has been misinterpreted in the literature.The single exciton recombination dynamics for CdSe, CdSe/CdTe and CdSe/CdTe/CdS CQDs were investigated. The effects of non-radiative recombination were identified from the PL transients by using a theoretically-calculated radiative lifetime as a fitting parameter. The combined rate of the non-radiative processes thus found was consistent with the localisation of holes into shallow traps by an Auger-mediated process. A rate equation analysis also showed how shallow trapping can give rise to the tri-exponential PL dynamics observed experimentally.Chloride passivation of CdTe CQDs resulted in a near-complete suppression of surface traps, producing a significant enhancement of the optical properties. PL quantum yield (PLQY) and PL lifetime in particular benefit from the chloride treatment. The radiative recombination rate that now could be extracted from PL transients for chloride treated samples was used to calculate the non-radiative recombination rate for the untreated samples. In addition, a study of the effects of air exposure on the PL, observed for both treated and untreated samples was undertaken and revealed the importance of the influence of the dielectric environment surrounding the traps states on recombination dynamics.
|Date of Award||31 Dec 2015|
- The University of Manchester
|Supervisor||David Binks (Supervisor)|
- recombination dynamics
- colloidal quantum dots