Risk Based Assessment of Subsynchronous Resonance in AC/DC Systems

  • Atia Adrees

Student thesis: Phd


Risk Based Assessment of Subsynchronous Resonance in compensated AC/DC systemMrs Atia Adrees, The University of Manchester, April 2014This thesis investigates the phenomenon of subsynchronous resonance (SSR) in meshed series compensated AC/DC systems in the presence of operational uncertainties. The main contribution of this research is the novel application of risk assessment methods to SSR studies.In terms of network topology, future electric power transmission networks alongside the current power networks are expected to be meshed, and consequently, exposed to relative low risk of subsynchronous resonance. However, power systems are increasingly operated closer to stability limits in order to enhance efficiency and economics of their use. These stressed operating conditions may contribute to the deterioration in the system reliability. Uncertainty associated with the loads will also further diversify in the future due to new type of devices connected to the network whilst the integration of stochastic renewable generation sources will add another layer of uncertainty to system operation. There is a growing necessity to explore the challenges created by the increased uncertainty in generation and loads, and quantify risk to keep a balance between avoiding potentially catastrophic systems failures and mitigating for extremely rare event.This research work introduces risk assessment in subsynchronous resonance studies. Two indices are developed to quantify the severity of dynamic instability and transient torque amplification. Using these indices generators in the network can be ranked based on potential exposure to SSR. Following the development of indices, a methodology is proposed to evaluate the risk of SSR. The developed methodology takes into account the severity of SSR problem and probabilities of different contingencies and different operating conditions of a turbine generator. A robust investigation, into the effect of uncertainties on both aspects of SSR with symmetrical and asymmetrical compensation schemes, is also performed. The results of the analysis reveal that a critically compensated system in normal meshed network configuration may become dynamically unstable with as low as ±5% uncertainty in mechanical parameters. The critical compensation level with asymmetrical compensation in normal network configuration and each contingency becomes higher. It is also shown that the risk level assessed with the developed methodology does not change under the influence of ±5% uncertainties in the mechanical parameters. After establishing, that risk, based approach provides a better picture of all credible scenarios and risk of SSR in compensated power network, a methodology based on risk evaluation of SSR for selecting an optimal combination of TCSCs and fixed series capacitors for compensation of transmission lines is presented. This proposed methodology maximizes the use of fixed capacitors whilst maintaining the risk of SSR within an acceptable level in all credible contingencies and operating conditions.
Date of Award1 Aug 2014
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorJovica Milanovic (Supervisor)


  • Frequency Scan
  • Ranking of Generators
  • Subsynchronous Resonance
  • Risk Assessment

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