• Philip Arathoon

Student thesis: Phd


In this thesis we provide an overview of themes in geometric mechanics and apply them to the study of adjoint and coadjoint orbits of a semidirect product, and to the two-body problem on a sphere. Firstly, we show the existence of a geometrically defined bijection between the sets of adjoint and coadjoint orbits for a particular class of semidirect product. We demonstrate the bijection for the examples of the affine linear group and the Poincaré group. Additionally, we prove that any two orbits paired between this bijection are homotopy equivalent. Secondly, a correspondence is found between the two-body problem on a three- dimensional sphere and the four-dimensional Lagrange top. This correspondence establishes an equivalence between the two problems after reduction, and allows us to treat both reduced problems simultaneously. We implement a semidirect product reduction by stages to exhibit the reduced spaces as coadjoint orbits of a special Euclidean group, and then reduce by a further symmetry to obtain a full reduced system. This allows us to fully classify the relative equilibria for both problems and describe their stability.
Date of Award1 Aug 2020
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorJames Montaldi (Supervisor) & Yuri Bazlov (Supervisor)

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