Simulation, Fabrication and Measurement of Graphene Based Passive Guided Devices

  • Xiao Zhang

Student thesis: Phd


Motivated by the few work has done on the performance measurement of graphene passive devices compared to graphene active devices, several different types of passive devices are fabricated and measured. In general, the fabricated devices are divided into two parts: the DC devices and the RF devices, which based on the different electrical properties we measure in Chapter 7.For the DC devices, attention has been given to the resistance of CVD graphene that we later use in all the RF devices. The Dirac point seems only appears in the exfoliated graphene measurement, which is caused by the doping concentration difference between the exfoliated and CVD graphene. Meanwhile, the sheet resistance of graphene is calculated based on the four-point measurement. The sheet resistance of CVD graphene is around 291 Ω/sqFor the RF devices, the measurement is conducted on the two types of graphene passive devices from 0-110 GHz. The first type of graphene devices is the graphene CPW resonator. We measure the input impedances of the graphene resonators on different substrates (Si/SiO2 and GaAs) and with different graphene lengths (440 micro metre, 500 micro metre and 1415 micro metre). For the graphene resonators on Si/SiO2 substrate, the input impedance does show the resonance shift compared to the graphene-removed structure. The frequency position of the resonance that appears is consistent with the theoretical calculation result. Besides, the influence of the external conditions such as temperature on the performance of graphene resonators has been investigated. The input impedance resonance shows the shift when the external temperature varying from 40o C(313K) to 160o C (433K). This measurement is undertaken with the graphene resonator on GaAs substrate.The second type of graphene devices is the graphene CPW transmission line on Si/SiO2 substrate. The S-parameters measured from VNA reveal that graphene within the transmission line acts as the transmission channel, which is a little lossy at the microwave frequency range. The poor transmission is also partially caused by the mismatching of the parasitic impedance, as well as the substrate loss, which is verified by the comparison result between the graphene transmission line and the graphene-removed transmission line. Similarly, the concern on the signal line coupling is also eliminated by using the graphene-removed structure.
Date of Award1 Aug 2017
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorZhirun Hu (Supervisor) & Zhipeng Wu (Supervisor)


  • Antennas
  • Passive guided devices
  • Graphene

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