• Paschalis Karalis

Student thesis: Phd


A method is proposed to infer stability properties for non-linear switching under continuous state feedback. Continuous-time systems which are dissipative in the multiple storage function sense are considered. A partition of the state space, induced by the cross-supply rates and the feedback function, is used to derive a restriction on switching. Then, conditions are proposed, under which, systems controlled by the feedback function and switching according to the rule are stable. In particular, Lyapunov and asymptotic stability are proved, both in a local and in a global context. Further, it is shown that the approach can be extended when one uses multiple controllers, and, therefore, is able to construct multiple partitions; conditions for this case are also presented. Finally, it is shown that, for the switching families that satisfy the switching rule posited by the results, one is able to find elements (that is, stabilising switching laws for the system) which are non-Zeno. Additional rule-sets that allow this are provided. It is argued that the conditions proposed here are easier to verify and apply, and that they offer additional flexibility when compared to those proposed by other approaches in the literature. The same infrastructure is used in the study of hybrid systems. For a general class of non-linear hybrid systems, a new property is proposed, that retains some of the properties of dissipativity, but it differs from it, crucially in the fact that it is not purely input-output. For systems having this property, it is shown that the partition used in the switching case can also be used. This, along with a set of conditions allows for the characterisation of the system behaviour in two scenaria. First, when the continuous behaviours and the jumping scheme act co-operatively, leading the system to lower energy levels (from the dissipativity point of view). Second, when the continuous behaviours are allowed to increase the stored energy, but the jumping is able to 6 compensate this increase. In the first case, it is shown that the equilibrium point under study is stable; in the second, it is shown that the system exhibits a type of attractivity, and, under additional conditions, it is asymptotically stable. Besides stability, a collection of stabilisation results are given for the case of dissipative switching systems. It is shown that one may design state feedback functions (controllers) with the objective that they satisfy the conditions of the stability theorems in this work. Then, systems under the designed controllers are shown to be stable, provided that the switching adheres to a specific switching rule. This problem is approached using a variety of tools taken from analysis, multi-valued functions and the space of non-switching stabilisation. In addition to the main results, an extensive overview of the literature in the area of switching and hybrid systems is offered, with emphasis on the topics of stability and dissipativity. Finally, a collection of numerical examples are given, validating the results presented here.
Date of Award31 Dec 2018
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorRizos Sakellariou (Supervisor) & Eva Navarro Lopez (Supervisor)


  • Feedback
  • Stability
  • Hybrid Systems
  • Switching Systems
  • Dissipativity

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