Lifetime prediction of components in Alloy 600 is a major concern for nuclear power plants. Alloy 600 components have been shown to be susceptible to stress corrosion cracking (SCC). In the 1990's, an engineering model was developed in order to predict the life time as a function of the main macroscopic parameters (stress, environment, material), based on laboratory results. This model has since been used to predict the ranking of various Alloy 600 components, using the knowledges of the manufacturing and service conditions for each component. It was applied successfully in the case of forged control rod drive mechanism (CRDM) nozzles. However, it was found necessary to improve this model to account for the strain history of the different components.Predictions using the model, investigated from an array of test results on Alloy 600 in laboratory primary water, have demonstrated that the time for initiation differed significantly according to the strain path applied to the specimen. The present work is dedicated to assess SCC results from samples with different strain paths and different level of cold work in order to better understand the manufacturing conditions on SCC. The samples are machined in three different directions and tested at different durations in order to model the time for transition (transition between slow and fast propagation) as a function of cold work, strain path and stress.Thermomechanical treatments are also applied on two different heats of Alloy 600: forged WF675 (very susceptible to SCC in as received conditions) and rolled 78456/337 (non susceptible to SCC in as-received conditions) in order to transform the forged microstructure into a microstructure close to the rolled microstructure and vice-versa. These microstructures are then tested in primary conditions and the results are compared to the results obtained on as-received material in order to get a better understanding of manufacturing process and microstructure parameters regarding SCC behaviour.
|Date of Award||1 Aug 2014|
- The University of Manchester
|Supervisor||Thomas Marrow (Supervisor) & Joao Quinta Da Fonseca (Supervisor)|
- Stress corrosion cracking
- Alloy 600