Structural and Optoelectronic Studies of Lead Chalcogenide Thin Films and Nanocrystals

  • Javeed Akhtar

Student thesis: Phd


The work described herein deals with the synthesis and characterization of lead chalcogenide thin films and nanocrystals. The first part of thesis describes the properties of semiconductors followed by an analysis on the chemical vapour deposition and nanoparticulate formation. In the next part of thesis, single-source precursors of type thioselenophosphinato, selenoureato, dithiocarbamato and dithiocarbanato complexes of lead have been synthesised and characterised. As-synthesised compounds have been utilised for the fabrication of lead sulfide and lead selenide thin films by aerosol-assisted chemical vapour deposition as well as nanocrystals by colloidal injection method. Lead sulfide thin films were also deposited by liquid-liquid interface from lead dithiocarbanato at room temperature. The as grown thin films of lead sulfide and lead selenide have been characterised by XRD, SEM and energy dispersive x-ray (EDX) analysis. In the second part of the thesis, preparation of lead sulfide and lead selenide nanocrystals in olive oil at low growth temperatures (50-60 oC) is described and have shown that by controlling experimental conditions, well-defined particles with tunable emission in mid and far-infrared region can be synthesised. Furthermore, compositionally-tuned PbSxSe1-x nanocrystals has also been prepared by adding controlled amount of sulur and selenium ingredients into lead oxide. Homogenous distribution of sulfur and selenium within alloyed nanocrystals is confirmed by transmission electron microscope studies. Moreover, attempts have been made to prepare quaternary (PbTe/Se/S) nanocrystals of lead chalcogenides and depth (1.9-5.8 nm) profile analysis by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the formation of core/shell/shell type structure i.e. PbTe/S/Se.
Date of Award31 Dec 2010
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorPaul O'Brien (Supervisor)


  • Green nanochemistry
  • Energy Filtered Transmission Electron Spectroscopy
  • X-ray photoelectronspectroscopy
  • single source precursor
  • Alloyed nanocrystals
  • Nanoparticles
  • Lead Chalcogenide
  • Optoelectronic
  • Thin films

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