The Implementation of NICE Recommended Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Family Intervention for People with Schizophrenia

  • Paul Ince

Student thesis: Doctor of Clinical Psychology


THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NICE RECOMMENDED COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY AND FAMILY INTERVENTION FOR PEOPLE WITH SCHIZOPHRENIAPaul InceThe University of ManchesterDoctorate in Clinical Psychology (ClinPsyD)September 2014 ABSTRACTThis thesis has been prepared in the paper based format and includes a systematic review, a novel empirical piece of research and a critical reflection. The thesis focuses on the implementation of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence's (NICE) guidance recommendations for the psychological interventions for those people suffering from schizophrenia. Papers 1 and 2 have been prepared for submission in 'Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice' and the 'Journal of Mental Health' respectively. Paper 1 includes a systematic literature search and narrative synthesis exploring if the recommendations for psychological interventions for schizophrenia were being met. Rates of implementation for Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Family Intervention (FI) were compared. The barriers against implementation and the strategies aimed at improving implementation were reviewed. Rates of implementation varied from 4% to 100% for CBT and 0% to 53% for FI. Previously reported barriers to implementation were found, with organisational barriers being most common. Implementation strategies discovered included training packages for CBT and FI. Rates of implementation are below recommended levels suggesting inequalities in the provision of psychological interventions for schizophrenia are present. Strategies to improve implementation that are comprehensive and supported from all levels of the NHS are considered to be most effective. Paper 2 reports a quantitative piece of research exploring if behaviourally specific and plain English language guidance can improve healthcare professional intentions to perform actions in line with recommendations for schizophrenia. An independent measure, single blind, randomised controlled design was used to disseminate guidance in two formats; the 'original' and 'alternative'. Self-report measures revealed no significant results when comparing the original guidance to the alternative for the cognitive determinants of behaviour, actual behaviour change, or comprehension and satisfaction with the guidance. Behaviourally specific and plain English language does not affect intentions or behaviour to implement recommended guidance for the provision of psychological interventions for schizophrenia. A more multi-factorial approach including organisational culture may be required.Paper 3 is a critical reflection of the submitted papers and research process as a whole. Strengths and limitations of the included studies, the findings in the context of wider research, implications for clinical practice and future research are discussed.
Date of Award31 Dec 2014
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorSara Tai (Supervisor) & Gillian Haddock (Supervisor)


  • Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
  • FI
  • Family Intervention
  • CBT
  • NICE
  • Implementation
  • Psychosis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Psychological Therapies

Cite this