The thesis presents the structural behaviour of fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) laminated composites based on 3D elasticity formulation and finite element modeling using Abaqus. This investigation into the performance of the laminate included subjecting it to various parameters i.e. different boundary conditions, material properties and loading conditions to examine the structural responses of deformation and stress. Both analytical and numerical investigations were performed to determine the stress and displacement distributions at any point of the laminates. Other investigative work undertaken in this study includes the numerical analysis of the effect of flexural deformation of the FRP strengthened RC slab. The formulation of 3D elasticity and enforced boundary conditions were applied to establish the state equation of the laminated composites. Transfer matrix and recursive solutions were then used to produce analytical solutions which satisfied all the boundary conditions throughout all the layers of the composites.These analytical solutions were then compared with numerical analysis through one of the commercial finite element analysis programs, Abaqus. Out of wide variety of element types available in the Abaqus element library, shells and solids elements are chosen to model the composites. From these FEM results, comparison can be made to the solution obtained from the analytical. The novel work and results presented in this thesis are the analysis of fully clamped laminated composite plates. The breakthrough results of fully clamped laminated composite plate can be used as a benchmark for further investigation. These analytical solutions were verified with FEM solutions which showed that only the solid element (C3D20) exhibited close results to the exact solutions. However, FEM gave poor results on the transverse shear stresses particularly at the boundary edges.As an application of the work above, it is noticed that the FEM results for the FRP strengthened RC slab, agreed well with the experimental work conducted in the laboratory. The flexural capacity of the RC slab showed significant increase, both at service and ultimate limit states, after FRP sheets were applied at the bottom surface of the slab.Given the established and developed programming codes, exact solutions of deflection and stresses can be determined for any reduced material properties, boundary and loading conditions, using Mathematica.
|Date of Award
|31 Dec 2012
- The University of Manchester
|Jack Wu (Supervisor)
- Laminated Plate; FRP; Composites; FEM; Concrete Slab; Elasticity