• Xin Niu

Student thesis: Phd


Work had been established for traction machine design aspects in this research. The effect of multiphase design for Permanent Magnet (PM) machine was investigated. The electromagnetic characteristics of both 3-phase and 9-phase machine, along with different magnet designs, were simulated and analyzed by using the program developed during the process. The software used were FEMM and MATLAB. The iron loss for different designs was established, based on the analytical flux density obtained by 2-D stepping FEA method. The harmonic of flux waveform and rotating field were also considered for difference areas in the machine models. The prediction was compared with experimental data collected in open circuit. The simulation result shown that there was a minimum 4% torque gain and noticeable less torque ripples for 9-phase machine, comparing with 3-phase one, with the same excitation phase current. The embedded magnet rotor design was suggested to monitor the demagnetization of each magnet closely, since some area of the magnet could be demagnetized even when the working point of magnet was well distance away from the nonlinear region of its characteristic. There were about 6% less iron loss was produced in 9-phase model than 3-phase model. The implemented method for calculating iron loss was more accurate within 3500 rpm rotor speed comparing with other approaches.
Date of Award1 Aug 2019
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • The University of Manchester
SupervisorRoger Shuttleworth (Supervisor) & Sinisa Durovic (Supervisor)


  • Iron loss
  • FEMM
  • Model
  • PM machine

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